Wednesday, December 18, 2013

Reference Sources : Bibliographies, Indexes and Abstracts P- 05. Information Sources, Systems and Services * By :P Goswami

इस ब्लॉग्स को सृजन करने में आप सभी से सादर सुझाव आमंत्रित हैं , कृपया अपने सुझाव और प्रविष्टियाँ प्रेषित करे , इसका संपूर्ण कार्य क्षेत्र विश्व ज्ञान समुदाय हैं , जो सभी प्रतियोगियों के कॅरिअर निर्माण महत्त्वपूर्ण योगदान देगा ,आप अपने सुझाव इस मेल पत्ते पर भेज सकते हैं -

Reference Sources : Bibliographies, Indexes and Abstracts

P- 05. Information Sources, Systems and Services *

By :P Goswami

Reference Sources : Bibliographies, Indexes and Abstracts  


An abstracting service is a service  normally provided both by  libraries and commercial   organizations that provides abstracts of publications, often on a subject or group of related subjects, It is a value added service rendered  by libraries whereas  commercial organization  provide service  on a subscription basis and  categorized  as secondary source  of information.
An indexing service is a service that aims at describing the location of an article and assigns descriptors like author, title, keywordand other kinds of access points to documents while an abstracting service provides shortening or summarizing of documents and assigning of bibliographical access points for referencing documents.
These are activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports. Anindex to a publication is an alphabetized list of names, places, and subjects treated in a printed work, giving the page or pages on which each item is mentioned. (
The product is often an abstract journal or a bibliographic index, which may be a subject bibliography or a bibliographic database.

3. Need for Indexing and Abstracting Services

Indexing services are provided by libraries essentially to help their users ingetting required material. An index is essentially a source of information which has originated dueto huge volume of literature in a subject. It is primarily a research tool and helps a researcher to access information pin pointedly without wasting time.

3.1. Abstracting Service

Abstracting service is one step ahead in terms of being a source of information as an abstract provides summary of an article or publication so as to familiarize him or her with contents. It enables a user to have an understanding ofthe publication without actually needingto consult the publication.
“The process of indexing begins with any analysis of the subject of the document. The indexer must then identify terms which appropriately identify the subject either by extracting words directly from the document or assigning words from a controlled vocabulary. The terms in the index are then presented in a systematic order”. (

3.2. Some Important Services

Following are some of the important indexing and abstracting publications in the area of social sciences which serve as source of information to library users and research scholars in identifying relevant literature.
 I.    International Political Science Abstract Editor: Paul J Godt, American University of Paris, France
Brought out by Sage, International Political Science Abstracts is published bimonthly by the International Political Science Association. It provides non-evaluative abstracts of articles in the field of political science published in journals and yearbooks all over the world.
II    Sociological Abstract
Brought out by Proquest in electronic format, the premiere database for locating articles in the field of sociology, Sociological Abstracts indexes some 1,800 international serial publications. Related disciplines include social and behavioral sciences, including anthropology, criminology, demography, education, law and penology, race relations, social psychology and urban studies. Also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, book reviews, dissertations, and conference papers.
Records added since 1973 contain in-depth, nonevaluative abstracts of journal articles. Many records from key journals in sociology, published since 2001, also include the references cited in the bibliography of the source article.
 III   Library and Information Science Abstract (LISA)
Library and Information Science Abstracts is an international abstracting and indexing tool designed for library professionals and other information specialists.

LISA currently abstracts over 440 periodicals from more than 68 countries and in more than 20 different languages.
The service started in1969 and is  updated every two week
Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts™ (LISTA) is available FREE to any library - compliments of EBSCO Publishing. LISTA indexes more than 580 core journals, nearly 50 priority journals, and nearly 125 selective journals; plus books, research reports and proceedings. Subject coverage includes librarianship, classification, cataloging, bibliometrics, online information retrieval, information management and more. Coverage in the database extends back as far as the mid-1960s. It is EBSCO Publishing's intention to provide access to LISTA on a continual basis at Customers currently subscribing to other EBSCOhost®databases may elect to have LISTA added to their EBSCOhost profile.

The thesauri in both the LISTA and Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts™ with Full Text databases include 6,800 terms, 2,700 of which are preferred terms.

Both databases also include author profiles. Customers can review information on 5,000 of the frequently indexed authors in LISTA, such as which subject terms are most commonly applied to their articles, and in which publications the author has been published.

V.            Dissertation  Abstract International
Dissertation Abstracts, Dissertation Abstracts International(DAI) or the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (PQDT) database is a bibliography of American (and international) dissertations published by University Microfilms International (UMI) /ProQuest, Ann Arbor, since 1938. UMI has had an agitated life and the bibliographical data have often shifted owner and name, and therefore appears under different labels. It covers doctoral dissertations accepted at an accredited American institution since 1861. Selected Masters theses have been included since 1962; since 1988, the database includes citations for dissertations from 50 British universities that are available at The British Document Supply Centre. Besides it covers a limited number of dissertations from the rest of the world.
The print version is published monthly and cumulated annually anD it is available both in softcover and on microfiche. It is divided in three sections:
  • Section A, Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Section B, Sciences and Engineering.
  • Section C (DAI-C),(formerly European Dissertations) covers non-North American materials, most of them unavailable for purchase from ProQuest. As of 2008, ProQuest no longer offers DAI-C as a separate product.
VI.            Historical Abstract
  • This exceptional resource covers the history of the world (excluding the United States and Canada), focusing on the 15th century forward Historical Abstracts is essential for libraries supporting upper-division and graduate research.  History and social science researchers have used this database to discover significant and groundbreaking work for more than 50 years.  Content includes:
  • Indexing of historical articles from more than 2,600 journals
  • Provides indexing of historical articles in over 40 languages
  • Coverage extending back to 1955
  • History of Education
  • Military History
  • Women's History
  • World History.

3.2. Some Important Services continue

  1. VI            Social Science Abstract
Covering the latest concepts, theories and methods from both applied and theoretical aspects of the social sciences, this resource provides indexing and abstracts for a wide assortment of the most important English-language social science journals. Social Sciences Abstracts covers a wide array of areas, including addiction studies, ethics, public welfare, urban studies .

  1. VII.            PAIS International
The PAIS International database from ProQuest contains references to more than 625,800 journal articles, books, government documents, statistical directories, grey literature, research reports, conference reports, publications of international agencies, microfiche, Internet material, and more. Newspapers and newsletters are not indexed.
PAIS International includes publications from over 120 countries throughout the world. In addition to English, some of the indexed materials are published in French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, and other languages.
The database backfile dates to 1972: PAIS International includes records from the print PAIS Bulletin 1977 and forward; and from the PAIS print Foreign Language Index published 1972-1990, at which time it merged with the PAIS Bulletin.
Subject Coverage
Major areas of coverage include:
  • Administration of justice
  • Agriculture, forestry and fishing
  • Banking and finance
  • Business and service sector
  • Culture and religion
  • Economic conditions
  • Education
  • Energy resources and policy
  • Environment
  • Government
  • Health conditions
  • Human rights
  • International Relations
  • Labor conditions and policy
  • Law and ethics
  • Manufacturing and industry
  • Media and communications
  • Military and defense policy
  • Politics
  • Population and demographics
  • Science and technology
  • Social conditions
  • Trade
  • Transportation
  1. VIII.            PsycINFO
PsycINFO is an expansive abstracting and indexing database with more than 3 million records devoted to peer-reviewed literature in the behavioral sciences and mental health, making it an ideal discovery and linking tool for scholarly research in a host of disciplines. It contains more than 3.5 million records, covering psychology back to its underpinnings in the 17th Century for peer-reviewed journals, books, and dissertations . Each publication indexed in PsycINFO has been carefully selected by a team of experts for relevance
  1. IX.            LexisNexis Academic Universe
LexisNexis Academic helps students and faculty members at colleges and universities save valuable research time by offering them quick, easy access to more than 15,000 of the most credible business, legal, and news sources available in a single location.
LexisNexis Academic provides access to:
  • Superior legal-research sources:
  • Full text of articles from law reviews and journals—more than 800 publications
  • Federal and state cases and statutes, including U.S. Supreme Court Decisions since 1790
  • Federal regulations, including The Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, and Federal Acquisition Regulations and Supplements
  • Shepard’s® Citations Service—the leading citator for more than 135 years
  • More than 1,500 legal newspapers, magazines, and newsletters
  • Tax materials, including IRS Bulletin, IRS regulations, The Tax Lawyer (ABA), The Tax Adviser (AICPA®), and more
  • Patents from 1790 forward
  • European Union law from the LEX EU law database and international case law from a number of other countries
  • Law school directories, including Martindale Hubbell® Law Directory and NALP Directory of Law Schools

X  Popline (Population Information Online)
POPLINE provides access to 370,000 carefully selected publications and resources related to family planning and reproductive health. The  subject coverage of Popline is as under:
  • Adolescent Reproductive Health
  • Family Planning Methods
  • Family Planning Programs
  • Gender
  • Health Communication
  • HIV / AIDS
  • Maternal and Child Health
  • Population Dynamics
  • Population Law and Policy
  • Population, Health, and Environment
  • Reproductive Health
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections
  1. XI.            Econolit
Econlit is world's foremost source of references to economic literature . This American Economic Association's electronic database adheres to the high-quality standards long recognized by subscribers to the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) and is a reliable source of citations and abstracts to economic research. EconLit uses the JEL classification system and controlled vocabulary of keywords to index six types of records: journal articles, books, collective volume articles, dissertations, working papers and full-text book reviews from the Journal of Economic Literature.  This database contains more than one million records, with citations and abstracts dating back to 1886.


With the advent of information technology, most of these indexing and abstracting services are now available in electronic format and as commercial databases. Role of libraries in their development has furtherbeen reduced as most the online publications are searchable full text.


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