Concept of Resource Sharing and Definition
Need of Resource Sharing
Objectives of Resources Sharing
- Sharing of resources to add-on a library's own collection, cataloguing, interlibrary loan services, catalogue production, collection development and avoiding duplication in acquisition to the maximum extent possible.
- To overcome the economy problems by assisting the member library in common activities such as purchase, catalogue and process library materials.
- To Assist the member libraries not only in selection of materials but sharing of efforts and expertise by encourage cooperation among libraries, documentation centers and information centers to promote the development of programmes for expanded use of library resources.
- The improvement of library facilities and services bringing in standardization and Cooperate in the development of library personnel.
- To provide, through cooperative acquisition by voluntary organisations, materials, beyond the reach of individual libraries.
- Achieve economy in the use of resources, both human and material. This facilitate sharing of materials among members of the group.
Resource Sharing Tool and Technology
Areas for Resource Sharing
Levels of Resource Sharing
- Local: When the libraries seek resource sharing in the nearby areas in town, city and metropolitan cities, it is called local cooperation. This activity can be monitored through telephone as well as by local manager.
- Regional: In this situation resource sharing libraries do not fall within the single town but belong to a region may be north or west. The whole regional libraries will be benefited to a large extent.
- National: National level resource sharing may be achieved among the libraries in country. If the resources of all the libraries of a nation are cooperatively used then, inter library loan services will be facility at national level. For example national bodies like INSDOC, ICSSR, UGC academic Libraries public libraries, and National library Kolkata are providing inter library services in the field of sciences, social sciences, respectively.
Resource Sharing through Library Networks
- The network must have connectivity to permit different hardware and software products to be connected and to communicate with each other. That should be simple to allow easy installation and operation of all network components.
- Modularity to enable building a wide variety of network devices from a relatively small set of mass-produced building blocks;
- Reliability to permit error free transmission by providing appropriate error detection and correction capabilities;
- Flexibility to permit the network to evolve as new needs arise or new technologies become available;
- Diversity of network services that can be easily used and yet isolate users from the technical details of network structure and implementation.
- Library Resource Sharing Network is important for controlling the explosion of literature and knowledge. It also avoids duplication in purchase of costly documents.
- It facilitates the adoption of new areas in every field of knowledge and improves the transferring of data fast, reliable, flexible and cost effective.
- Library resource sharing network is a helpful way to expand the sources and resources of information between the information centres/libraries and other similar libraries.
- Through this resource sharing by networking of libraries access the resources available even at distant places and make the resources available to the scholars concerned at their work places.
- Libraries and their resources which are lying in individual library are now closer to all the libraries of the world, with the use of electronic mail.
- The files and databases searched by them can be searched mutually or transferred from one library to another. This way efficiency and productivity of information will increase
- Library networking is essential to promote resources sharing available within a group of libraries in order to provide maximum information to users.
- Bibliographic tools like union catalogues and union lists based on the resources available in the participating libraries should be there.
- Rationalization of acquisitions as well as decision to have one classification scheme in all participating libraries should be taken.
- Delivery of documents should be fast, either electronically, through fax or through courier or mail.
- The libraries should be willing in participation and should be willing to send professional staff for professional training.They should be willing to pool bibliographic records to the central place of the network.
- Libraries should have such activities like acquisition, cataloguing, classification, serials control, circulation, selective dissemination information (SDI), current awareness service (CAS), etc.
- The network should be able to recommend to participating libraries the type of hardware they need for their in-house functions and for networking purposes.
- All libraries should follow a standard Machine Readable Catalogue(MARC )format, a standard catalogue code like AACR-2, a standard thesaurus like Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), etc. uniformly.
- Electronic mail and internet facilities should be available with the libraries with access to international databases.