Wednesday, November 20, 2013


इस ब्लॉग्स को सृजन करने में आप सभी से सादर सुझाव आमंत्रित हैं , कृपया अपने सुझाव और प्रविष्टियाँ प्रेषित करे , इसका संपूर्ण कार्य क्षेत्र विश्व ज्ञान समुदाय हैं , जो सभी प्रतियोगियों के कॅरिअर निर्माण महत्त्वपूर्ण योगदान देगा ,आप अपने सुझाव इस मेल पत्ते पर भेज सकते हैं -


1.      WIPO :                                                                                   United Nations

2.      Digital watermarking is part of:                                              Steganography

3.      Information Ice berg   :                                         1/3 VISIBLE 2/3 non- visible 

4.      A Proxy server is used for :                                                    Share Internet Links

5.      Library warrant           :                                                           W.Hulme

6.      Barcode system uses one of the following technologies        :           Pattern recognition

7.      Information observed and reported by some one else is know as :Empirical  information

8.      Table of random numbers are constructed by :

9.      Brain Storming:                                                                       Alex Osborn

10.  IV volume of 20th DDC          :           Relative Index

11.  Data Ware house is :               An electronic repository of       organizational data

12.  World Intellectual property day         :                                   Aprinl 26 , 2009

13.  Cyberspace is not wires cables and microwave but :  A physical place (dought)

14.  The book “ S.R. Ranganathan : Pragmatic Philosophy of information science a personal biography” :                                                                                Yogeshwar Ranganathan

15.  Perochial Libraries :                                                                Thomas Bray

16.  TQM needs     :                                                           Concept oriented management

17.  Acronym         :                                                           Donald Davinson

18.  First Public Library Act :                                            Madras

19.  "already the world is well into the third great phase of Human history - the information age " articulated by :                                                            Alvin Toffler

20.  Buffer overflow          :                                               an attack by computer hacker

21.  An equivalent of Is 14000 standards is :                   ISO 9000

22.  In flowchat Activity is represented by :                     rectangle

23.  One of the following is not a cause for obsolescence of published literature: 

No longer valid

24.  Gantt chat :                                                                Horizontal Bar chat

25.  M in five fundamental categories ( PMEST) :            Matter

26.  Value added information model for evaluating information systems and centres was provided by :                                                                      Robert S Taylor

27.  Soul 2.0 is complaint to          :                                   NCIP2.0

28.  OSI Stands for :                                                          open system interconnection

29.  ISO standard for Dublic core Metadata elements set is : ISO 15836:2009

30.  Seymour Lubetzky was associated with:        catalogue codes

31.  VIRUS:           vital information resources under siege

32.  Which among the following is not a copying process ?


33.  The largest unit of a database :           A File

34.  The term “ Exponental Growth refers to :      Geometrical progression

35.  The exhaustiveness of indexing system will :              Increase precision

36.  ILA :   1933


38.  Recommended 6.5% of univ budget  :           Radhakrishna committee

39.  Secon Generation computers is           :           Transistor

40.  Where is wisdom we have lost in knowledge :           T.S. Eliot

41.  Bradford formulated the law of scatter :        1948

42.  Noise:

43.  Saraswathi mahal library         :           Maraja sarafoji

44.  Invisible colleges :                             Derek de solla price

45.  Half life of information is :     rate of obsolescence of information

46.  First univ to introduced M.Phil Programm is LIS 1980: university of Madras 

47.  Not a image format     :           UAP

48.  KWIC index was :      HP Luhn

49.  Graphical representation of data on y-axis is :            quadrant

50.  Z39.50 :           client server protocol

51.  Phenomena of literature on a subject appearing in periodical devoted to other subject is know as : scatter

52.  Which of five laws of library science strongly advocated adv of open access :        first law

53.  BIOS   :           Basic Input/Output system

54.  Punjab Library Primer :           A D Dickinson

55.  Classification: Grouping and arrangement of entities

56.  Nesting refers :            File organization ( dought)

57.  LIS – FORUM :         NCSI

58.  Starvation policy         :           revision of UDC

59.  Five Laws of library science   :           1931

60.  Documentation was brought   :           S C Bradford

61.  Wisdom of mass principle       :           wikipaedia

62.  Thesaurofacet  :           jean aitchison

63.  Central tendency         :           average

64.  Atom index     :           INIS

65.  Free floating subdivisions : library of congress subject headings

66.  NEED:            

67.  Shanon and weaver theory of information is based on:         mathematical theory

68.  Bodlein library is the university library of :    Oxford University

69.  A patent may be granted for a new useful and non obvious : innovation


71.  Facebook is a : social networking site

72.  World cat is : oclc

73.  Direct method of electro static copying is : xerography

74.  Focus is a : facet

75.  Encyclopedia of library and information science is published by : Marcel dekkav

76.  Dare :  undp

77.  RSS in internet terminology means : Rich site summary

78.  The organizational structure is determined by : span of control

79.  See also cross reference normally represent : associate relations

80.  Research done to find a solution for an immediate problem is known as : applied research

81.  The term Informatics was coined by : otto nache

82.  Laissez – faire is : allow to act 

83.  The diffusion of innovationa and its acceptance normally follows : S-shaped curve

84.  The periodical “ college and research Librararies is published by   :ALA

85.  First Ph.d in the LIS in India : 1958

86.  John cotton Dana   : ALA

87.  Indian Reference sources is : J.S.Sharma

88.  Youtube is associated with : Google

89.  Computer virus is a : computer programme

90.  Lotka laws is concerned with : productivity of authors ( dought)

91.  Library pathfinders : referral service

92.  Charles ammi cutter : rules for dictionary catalogue

93.  Coden is : sericals

94.  Method of experimental enquiry was advocated by : J S Mills

95.  Truncation device is used to improve : precision ( dought)

96.  Maximum storage space is available on :  Hard disk

97.  Demand Theory of Books selection was coined by : L R Mccolvin

98.  The Hyderabad public libraries Act was : 1960 ( Actualy 1955)

99.  SRELS   Journals : Bangalore

100.                      ATM stands for : Asynchronous transfer mode

101.                      Ocr is a : input device

102.                      IASLIC  bulletine is a : quarterly

103.                      Acheme of role operators are used in : PRÉCIS

104.                      Intelectual property rights are a bundle of exclusive rights over creation of the mind covering : Both Artistic And Commercial Creations

105.                      CODATA  was establish by : ICSU

106.                      Which one of the following  has accelerated the growth of electronic publishing : optical median

107.                      Weka is a : data mining software

108.                      The mechanism required to satisfy exhaustive approach of users : announcement ( dought)

109.                      Cumulative book index is a : trade bibliography

110.                      Field tag in MARC : directrory

111.                      The inverse square law is the law referred to : lotks’s law

112.                      As per internet standard terminology RFC refrs : request for comments

113.                      Manual of library economy was : brown

114.                      ISBD : IFLA

115.                      Five new laws of library sicence have been offered n 1995 by : crwford and Gorman

116.                      The papyrus one of the earliest writing materials was mainly used by : Egyptians

117.                      Decimal classification completed hundred years in :1976

118.                      Principle of recency is releated to : library publicity

119.                      Computers process data into information by working exclusively with  Multimedia

120.                      Relics are sources of information for : historical research

121.                      Median is not affected by : different values

122.                      The acronym ubc coined by : Donald davinson

123.                      Name given by sr  ranganathan to book mobile : Librachine

124.                      Informationas a flow and knowledge as stock : marshall mchuhan

125.                      CCF : UNESCO

126.                      Which one of the following is an indological library: adayar public library       Chennai

127.                      The idea of bibliographic coupling was first advocated by  M.M. Kessler

128.                      Canan for verbal plane are : four 

129.                      Baud rate is used to measure : the speed of data transmission in telecommunication

130.                      Ernet is : Education and research network

131.                      Term “epitome” : review

132.                      Thomas website is associated with : Thomas publishers and co

133.                      Which of the following Boolean operator when used enchance s retrieval recall : and

134.                      Who coined the word ROBOT : KARL CAPEK

135.                      Notation does not make a classification but it may mare it : wc. Berwick sayers

136.                      Farmingtio plan was initiated in uK in the year : 1948

137.                      The concept kaizen in quality management means  : 

138.                      A postulate is a :         a self evident statement about the possibility of a thing

139.                      PROLOG        ; PROGRAMMING IN LOGIC

140.                      Which of the following is not a house keeping operation in library : reference

141.                      AGRIS  regional centre for European countries in located at Philippines

142.                      GPSS :            GATEWAY PACKET SWITCHED SERVICE

143.                      Which of the following evaluation techniques is used in forecasting : Delphi technique

144.                      The earliest style of chines writing was mainly : pictographic

145.                      V-mail             :           ware time

146.                      Digital library of resource of Indian cultural heritage has been named as     :Kalanadhi

147.                      Ugc-net consist of :     4 sections

148.                      First Librarian of national library of india was :         B.s kesavan

149.                      Indcat is a online union cataloge maintained by e: Inflibnet

150.                      Digital library of india is hosted by :  Iis

More detailed answers

9.                     Brainstorming is a group creativity technique designed to generate a large number of ideas for the solution of a problem. In 1953 the method was popularized by Alex Faickney Osborn in a book called Applied Imagination. Osborn proposed that groups could double their creative output with brainstorming.[1] –source Wikipedia

10                    asked  “ The  VI  Volume  of 20th edition DDC contains” (WRONG QUESTION OR PRINT MISTAKE)Relative Index

11.                   “Data Warehouse/Business Intelligence is a general term to describe a system used in an organization to collect data”-wikipedia

13.                   “Gibson called that place "cyberspace," and used it as the setting for his early novels and short stories. In his fiction, cyberspace is a computer-generated landscape that characters enter by "jacking in" - sometimes by plugging electrodes directly into sockets implanted in the brain. What they see when they get there is a three-dimensional representation of all the information stored in "every computer in the human system" - great warehouses and skyscrapers of data. He describes it in a key passage in Neuromancer as a place of "unthinkable complexity," with "lines of light ranged in the nonspace of the mind, clusters and constellations of data. Like city lights, receding . . ."

In the years since, there have been other names given to that shadowy space where our computer data reside: the Net, the Web, the Cloud, the Matrix, the Metaverse, the Datasphere, the Electronic Frontier, the information superhighway. But Gibson's coinage may prove the most enduring. By 1989 it had been borrowed by the online community to describe not some science-fiction fantasy but today's increasingly interconnected computer systems - especially the millions of computers jacked into the Internet”.

14.                   Yogeshwar Ranganathan ( Son of  S.R. Ranganathan) 

15.                   The Parochial Libraries Act 1708 (7 Ann. c.14), long title An Act for the better Preservation of Parochial Libraries in England, was an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of Great Britain. It governed parochial libraries established for ministers of the Church of England. The Act is still in force, and is one of the oldest pieces of legislation concerning libraries in the United Kingdom.

                        DR THOMAS BRAY 

Born in 1656, Thomas was the son of Richard and Mary Bray of Marton in Shropshire.  He was educated at Oswestry School, and thence proceeded to Oxford where he graduated as Bachelor of Arts in 1678.  Taking holy orders he was curate for some time at Bridgnorth, and then removed to Warwickshire, where he was chaplain to Sir Thomas Price at Parkhill, and incumbent of Lea Marston.  As such, he occupies an important place in modern religious history, but another part of his comprehensive plan for advancing Christianity is of especial interest to us his scheme for foundingparochial and other libraries.

16                    The word empirical denotes information gained by means of observation, experience, or experiment.[1] A central concept in science and the scientific method is that all evidence must be empirical, or empirically based, that is, dependent on evidence or consequences that are observable by the senses. It is usually differentiated from the philosophic usage of empiricism by the use of the adjective empirical or the adverbempirically. The term refers to the use of working hypotheses that are testable using observation or experiment. In this sense of the word, scientific statements are subject to and derived from our experiences or observations. Empirical data is data that is produced by an experiment or observation.

17.                   “ Already the world is well into the  third great phase of human history –the information age” . Alvin Toffler articulated  these words in 1980 in “The Third  Ware”. They even pinpoint the reality of late  ninetees and beyond . From outer space to cyberspace in just one generation, the world of past  30 years has seen and absorbed , more change  than all previous generations combined. With  ever-quickening modes of transportation, ever pervasive   networks of data communications, and ever increasing options. The world as we knew is changing . It is change which is permanent and nothing else.

18.                   The condition wherein the data transferred to a buffer exceeds the storage capacity of the buffer and some of the data "overflows" into another buffer, one that the data was not intended to go into. Since buffers can only hold a specific amount of data, when that capacity has been reached the data has to flow somewhere else, typically into another buffer, which can corrupt data that is already contained in that buffer.

Malicious hackers can launch buffer overflow attacks wherein data with instructions to corrupt a system are purposely written into a file in full knowledge that the data will overflow a buffer and release the instructions into the computer??s instructions.

21.                   The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes, etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land); (b) comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and (c) continually improve in the above.ISO 14000 is similar to ISO 9000 quality management in that both pertain to the process of how a product is produced, rather than to the product itself. As with ISO 9000, certification is performed by third-party organizations rather than being awarded by ISO directly


24.                    “A Gantt chart is a horizontal bar chart developed as a production control tool in 1917 by Henry L. Gantt, an American engineer and social scientist. Frequently used in project management, a Gantt chart provides a graphical illustration of a schedule that helps to plan, coordinate, and track specific tasks in a project. “-source :  techtarget 

25.                   Robert Saxton Taylor was born in 1918. : Lehigh University: Librarian 1956-67; Prof. and Director of the Center for the Information Sciencea; Director of Library Center and Prof. of Language and Communications, Hampshire College 1967-72; Syracuse University School of Information Studies : Professor 1972-?; Dean 1974-81. 

He published articles in user studies. He used the value-added approach to information services.---Source Wikipedia

29.                   ISO 15836:2009 establishes a standard for cross-domain resource description, known as the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set. Like RFC 3986, ISO 15836:2009 does not limit what might be a resource.

ISO 15836:2009 defines the elements typically used in the context of an application profile which constrains or specifies their use in accordance with local or community-based requirements and policies. However, it does not define implementation detail, which is outside the scope of ISO 15836:2009.-source ISO

30.                   Seymour Lubetzky (April 28, 1898-April 5, 2003) was a major cataloging theorist and a prominent librarian. Born in Belarus as Shmaryahu Lubetzky, he worked for years at the Library of Congress. He worked as a teacher before he immigrated to the United States in 1927. He earned his BA from UCLA in 1931, and his MA from UC Berkeley in 1932.[1] Lubetzky also taught at the UCLA Graduate School of Education and Information Studies, then the School of Library Service.

Fluent in six languages, Lubetzky published three groundbreaking books that greatly advanced the discipline of cataloging, the organization of knowledge, and modern research methods, still influential in areas of information technology. Librarianship in particular and information science in general had not been revolutionized as much since the likes of Antonio Panizzi, Charles Ammi Cutter or Paul Otlet. Cataloging Rules and Principles and Principles of Cataloging, as well as several periodical articles, solidified Lubetzky as one of the most significant influences in his field. Lubetzky's theory of cataloging went far beyond the Dewey Decimal System. He developed a rationalized approach to catalog code design, one that is even more relevant today as current cataloging principles are revisited and revised for a digital environment.

—SOURCE Wikipedia

31.                   VIRUS is a acronym that can contains many meanings .

VIRUS – Vital Information Resources Under Siege

There may be many popular meanings for VIRUS with the most popular definition being that of Vital Information Resources Under Siege

32.                   Discography is the study and listing of the details concerning sound recordings

33.                   largest unit of a database is a  record

34.                  Exponential growth (including exponential decay) occurs when the growth rate of a mathematical function is proportional to the function's current value. In the case of a discrete domain of definition with equal intervals it is also called geometric growth or geometric decay (the function values form a geometric progression).

The exponential growth model is also known as the Malthusian growth model.

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