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COMPONENTS OF E-CONTENT :
- acquaint about the relevant rules of how to cataologue each type of special materials.
- know the bibliographic information of different special materials and their order of arrangement,
- differentiate the physical description of each of such materials
- have the knowledge of importance of NOTES’ section and its orderly occurrence.
- determine correctly the heading/ choice of access point for each category of non-conventional materials
- know, significantly about the Electronic Resources and its cataloguing as enumerated in AACR-2002 edition
- Print materials occupy large space in comparison to the non-print or special materials as conventional documents are “Space eaters” while the special materials are “Space savers”.
- Special materials possess the quality of long preservatory value.
- Adorned with the quality of portability leads to easy transportation.
- Facilitate to store large amount of data and can be retrieved and transferred speedily and accurately.
- Rare and valuable documents can be stored easily in microform.
- Audio visual materials, specially create interest in the minds of users as they grasp and remember the facts easily than listening to the lectures.
- Significantly facilitate for E-learning/on-line learning.
- On the whole, the special materials have the finest quality of instant accessibility, reliability, quick retrieval of information, easy updating and security.
- Difficult to find most of the information from the recto and verso of the Title page and the information are not found at one place that to information is less for full cataloguing. Hence the cataloguer has to refer many sources for getting adequate information.
- Problem arises to obtain information with naked eye from special materials like microfilm, micro card, microfisch etc which requires special equipments.
- Thorough knowledge is necessary to acquaint with cataloguing rules and physical descriptions of various special materials.
- Determination of choice of access points are some what difficult than that of traditional documents.
1.3 CATALOGUING OF SPECIAL MATERIALS
- Cartographic materials (Maps, Atlases and Globes)
- Music & sound recordings
- Motion picture & video recordings
- Graphic materials & computers files
- Three dimensional Artefacts & Realia and microforms.
1.3.1 CARTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS
- The cartographic item itself ; when an item is in a number of physical parts and all the parts (including a title sheet) be treated as the cartographic item itself.
- And Container (portfolio, cover, envelope, etc.) or case, the cradle and stand of a globe, etc.
1.3.2 MANUSCRIPTS (INCLUDING MANUSCRIPT COLLECTIONS) 4.0A. SCOPE :
- Arrangement, transcription, versions, settings, etc. in which music for one medium of performance has been written for another.
- Simplified versions.
- Arrangements described as “freely transcribed”, based on …….. etc, and other arrangements incorporating new material.
- Arrangements in which the harmony or musical style of the original has been changed.
1.3.4 SOUND RECORDINGS
1.3.5 MOTION PICTURE AND VIDEO RECORDINGS
1.3.6 GRAPHIC MATERIALS
- Data. Give the number of approximate number of records and/or bytes. Computer data (1 file : 400 records, 2000 bytes)
- Programs. Give the number or approximate number of statement and/or bytes. Computer program (1 file : 220 statements)
- Multipart files. Give the number or approximate number of records and/or bytes, or statements and/or bytes, in each part.
1.3.8.THREE DIMENSIONAL ARTIFACTS AND REALIA
- Problems of cataloguing are less information found in the ‘Item ’ to be catalogued, determination of heading and well versed with the rules of AACR-2R.
- Special materials are preferred over conventional materials due to their quality of portability, preservation, transportability, massive storage and easy retrieval.
- 8 Areas of bibliographic description.
- Physical description Area mainly differs from each special material.
- Elaborate ‘NOTES’ section have been prescribed.
- Significant notes to be given which are not mentioned earlier in the body of the entry.
- Explanation and examples of items of information and choice of access point mentioned.
- Organization of entry element of special materials.
- In AACR-2R specific rules for bibliographic description of special materials have been given from rule-3 to 11
- AACR-2R has been published in 1988.
- In 2002, AACR-2 has incorporated ‘Electronic Resources as chapter-9 replacing’ computer file of AACR-2 revised, 1988.
- Entry format consists of 8 areas of description.
- Each item of information is being separated/ demarcated by . _ (full stop, space and dash)
- In IT era special materials preferred to conventional materials.
- AACR-2 follows ISBD.
- ALAALCTS CC : DA Task force in specific characteristics of electronic resources, 2001. “Final Report”, at <http://www.ala.org/alds/ALAorganization/ccs/ccda/tf-harm1.html.
- Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd ed., 1988 revision. Ammendments. Chicago; American Library Association, 2001.
- IFLA. ISBD(CF) : International standard for bibliographic description for computer files. London : IFLA Universal Bibliographic control and International MARC program, 1899.
- IFLA. ISBD(ER) : International standard for bibliographic description for electronic Resources. Munchen : K. G Saur, , 1997 also at <http://www.ifla.org/vii/s13/publ/isbd.html
- International programme for UBC. ISBD (NBM) : International bibliographic description for non book. London, International program for UBC, 1977.
- Fleischer, Eugene and Godman, Helen. Cataloguing Non-print media : A manual based on AACR-2. New York : Neal Schuman, 1480.
- Jay, E Daily. Organizing nonprint materials. 2nd ed., New York : Marcel Dekker, 1986.
- Rout, RK and Choudhury, B.K. Illustrative Examples in cataloguing of Non-Book materials (According to AACR-2, 1988 Revision). New Delhi : Reliance publishing House, 1996.
- Swanson, Edward. A manual of AACR-2 examples for manuscripts. Lake Crystals : Soldier Greek press, 1981.
- Teague, S. Jhon. Microform, video and electronic media librarianship. London : Butterworths, 1985.
A name, term, etc under which a bibliographic record may be searched and identified.
Material issued with and intended to be used with, the item being catalogued.
Any object made or modified by one or more persons.
An original two – or three – dimensional work of art created by the artist (e.g. a painting, drawing or sculpture).
A generic term designating a sound recording on magnetic tape.
A file (data and / or programs) encoded for manipulation by computer.
Refers to the use of discrete signals for representing data in the form of numbers or characters. Most forms of digital representation in data processing has been done on the basis of binary numbers.
A length of film containing a succession of images intended for projection one at a time, with or without recorded sound.
A generic term for any medium, transparent or opaque, bearing micro-images.
An artifact or a naturally occurring entity, as opposed to a replica.
A series of staves on which all the different instrumental and/or vocal parts of a musical work are written.
A recording on which sound vibrations have been registered by mechanical or electrical means so that the sound may be reproduced.
A frame containing printed or written material not part of the subject content of the item.
A recording on which visual images, usually in motion and accompanied by sound, have been registered; designed for playback by means of a television set.