By :S P Sood
2. Physical form of Library Catalogue
2.1 Type of Physical forms
2.1.1 Conventional forms
188.8.131.52 Register or Printed or Book form
- It is portable, hence can be consulted in any section of the library or even outside the library i.e. at the home of the users. But a catalogue of big libraries in multi volume can be not be consulted outside the library.
- Due to its portable size, it is easy to handle and consult. It can be referred with greater speed.
- Several entries can be seen at a time.
- Printed catalogue of big libraries can be used as a reference and book selection tool y other libraries.
- Occupies less space.
- If multiple copies of the catalogue are there, several readers can refer it at the same time.
- Too expensive to produce, and laborious process to compile it.
- Always remains outdated, as no facility of interpolation and extrapolation is available in this form.
- Less durable.
- To avail the services of cooperative cataloguing is not possible as cooperative cataloguing services are available in card form only.
- No facility of guiding is possible in this form.
184.108.40.206 Card form of Catalogue
- Occupies much space.
- Only one person can consult one tray, as only one copy of the catalogue is provided in the libraries.
- Not portable. Due to its size and bulk, it is not portable and can be consulted within the library where it is kept.
- Cards and cabinets are too expensive.
- Mischievous readers can easily take out the cards, hence less protected. Though a thin iron rod passes through it, if someone intentionally wants to remove a card, he can do so without much effort.
220.127.116.11 Sheaf Catalogue
2.1.2 Non-Conventional Form
- Visible index form
- Microform catalogue
- Machine readable catalogue
18.104.22.168 Visible Index
22.214.171.124 Microform Catalogue
126.96.36.199 Machine Readable Catalogue
3. Form of Library Catalogue
3.1 Alphabetical Catalogue
3.1.1 Author Catalogue
- It brings all the works of an author at one place instead of scattering them throughout the catalogue according to their subject.
- It discloses whether a particular book by a particular author is in library or not.
- Pure author catalogue cannot serve the readers properly, hence added entries under editor, translator, reviser, illustrator, distinctive title etc. are to be provided for making it more satisfactory tool.
- It should also be equipped with a subject index as an auxiliary approach.
3.1.2 Name Catalogue
3.1.3 Alphabetical Subject Catalogue
3.1.4 Title Catalogue
3.1.5 Dictionary Catalogue
- It is simple in its use. Readers are familiar with the arrangement, hence it is easier to consult and use as there is one sequence only to be consulted for.
- It provides formation to the readers if author, specific subject, title or series is known. For example if a reader knows that a particular book belong to Wiley Farm series, and does not remember author, title, subject etc., he can directly consult the catalogue under alphabet and he will find his desired book.
- Ample use of references may also be made, which is not possible in Classified catalogue (see and see also references). These references leads from one subject to another and on heading to another.
- It provides excellent service in direct manner if the reader approaches the catalogue through the correct and precise enunciation (expression) on his specific subject. Suppose a reader wants material on horses, by consulting the catalogue under horse, he will get all the books on Horses at one place. He need not to possess the knowledge that it is a part of Zoology or domestic animals or livestock or farm animals. These subjects are also related each other by preparing see also subject references.
- Some time, it proves superior to classified catalogue as it groups related subjects which are scattered in classified catalogue i.e.
- This kind of catalogue is unable to satisfy the demand of the readers, if the approach is not made through the correct expression of the specific subject. For example if reader wants material of Chess and he is consulting the catalogue under indoor game, he will not find specific book devoted fully to chess.
- It is not as simple as it appears. The alphabetical arrangement scatter the related subjects in unhelpful alphabetical order. Hence users cannot get a full view of the entire ramifications of a subject at one particular place. For example horse, stallion, mare, colt etc all are related subjects but the cards will be scattered under the alphabets C,H,M,S etc.
- The above scattered subjects are connected through see and see also subject entries, which are a source of irritation of the readers.
- Though it is useful in public libraries, but its value in a research library is discredited.
- The change in terminology of subject, thousands of cards are required to be changed.
3.2 Classified Catalogue
- Classified catalogue does not offer approach there is a two step process. First reader will have to consult the alphabetical part and then classified part. So it is against the 4th Law of library science and Law of Parsimony.
- Readers are not pleased with it is notation of classification scheme is not easily comprehensible to average user.
- With any growth and new development in the universe of knowledge, the portion of the classification schedule may become obsolete and thus relevant part of the subject catalogue has to be revised.
3.3. Alphabetic classed Catalogue
5. Further Readings-Referances
- Gurja Kumar and Kishana Kumar. Theory of cataloguing. 5th ed. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House. 1986. Chap. 3 & 4.
- Horner, John. Cataloguing. Londen: Association of Assistant Librarians, 1970. Chap. 25.
- Job, M.M. Theory and practice of cataloguing. New Delhi: Metropolitan, 1989. Chap. A & C.
- Needham, C.D. Organizing knowledge in Libraries. Andre Deutsh, 1969. Chap. 17.
- Sengupta, Benoyendra. Cataloguing: its theory and practice. Calcutta: World Press, 1964. Chap. 4.
- Vishwanathan, C.G. Cataloguing: theory and practice. 6th ed. Lucknow: Print House (India), 1986. Chap. 7 & 8.