By :PK gupta
1 Manager – Definition and meaning
2 Role of a Manager and Managerial Responsibilities
3 Changing Roles of Library Professionals
- Custodian who selects, organizes, and services print and other media
- Guide who assists users in searching and critically evaluating relevant information sources
- Public relations officer who maintains good relationships with management, clients, other libraries, and outside organizations.
3 Changing Roles of Library Professionals(Contin.....)
- Information Broker - for both print and electronic media, who identifies, retrieves, organizes, repackages and provides electronic access to digital information sources.
- Change Agent or Technology application leader – one who collaborates with IT services to design and evaluate systems that would facilitate e-access.
- Facilitator – who makes access easier by providing access, purchasing software and e-journal licenses.
- Educator – who trains on Internet use, tools, search engines, online databases and catalogues, electronic journals; use of web-based instruction and online tutorials etc.
- Innovator / Web Site Designer/Builder/Manager – who designs the library’s web page and searches and evaluates information resources to be linked to the site; creates an awareness of library services on the web; in some instances manages the organizational website.
- Database Manager – Since print bibliographies are no longer in use as searching via online databases is faster and more efficient.
- Collaborator – Expanded area of collaboration, not just with fellow librarians but also with IT people, the community etc.
- Policy Maker – who develops or participates in the development of an information policy for an organization, ensuring total or selective access to all information resources.
- Business Manager – one who negotiates with publishers and aggregators for the most advantageous license agreements for e-journals and databases.
- Image Maker – One who adds value to the library to gain management support and project a positive image to the outside world.
4 Library Managers and their Roles
- Administer, direct, and review library programs.
- Provide guidance and advice to management on developing, implementing and revising library programs and policies and resolving issues regarding library operations and staff.
- Develop and implement strategies for collecting information from customers and employees (surveys and audits) to identify library issues and needs.
- Supervise a staff responsible for the functions of a library.
- Plans for responding to needs of a library by participating in the strategic planning process.
- Develop library policies and procedures.
- Direct preparation and distribution of written and verbal information to inform managers and employees of library policies, procedures and practices.
- Direct and supervise the training of library staff in duties such as receiving, shelving, researching, cataloguing, preservation, and equipment.
- Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Technical skills required to perform the job.
- Desire to meet and serve the library's user community
- Ability to think analytically and to develop new or revised systems, procedures, and work flow
- Ability to exercise initiative and independent judgment
- Knowledge of computers, the internet, and commercially available library software
- Ability to prepare comprehensive reports and present ideas clearly and concisely in written and oral form
- Ability to make administrative decisions, interpret policies, and supervise staff
- Ability to motivate, establish and maintain effective working relationships with associates, supervisors, volunteers, other community agencies and the public.
- Knowledge of the philosophy and techniques of library service.
- Ability to organize job duties and work independently.
- Demonstrated knowledge of library materials and resources.
- Creativity to develop and implement library programs and services.
- Employs management techniques effectively in directing, planning, organizing, staffing, coordinating, budgeting, and evaluating the library's operation.
4 Library Managers and their Roles(Continue...)
- Being able to think ahead,
- Ability to forecast future environmental trends affecting the organization,
- Ability to state organization objectives,
- Ability to choose strategies that will help in attaining these objectives with respect to future trends, and library managers are expected to acquire skills to interact with intermediate planning systems such as using a computer.