Library and information science
Relations between library science, information science and LIS
- "The common ground between library science and information science, which is a strong one, is in the sharing of their social role and in their general concern with the problems of effective utilization of graphic records. But there are also very significant differences in several critical respects, among them in: (1) selection of problems addressed and in the way they were defined; (2) theoretical questions asked and frameworks established;(3) the nature and degree of experimentation and empirical development and the resulting practical knowledge/competencies derived; (4) tools and approaches used; and (5) the nature and strength of interdisciplinary relations established and the dependence of the progress and evolution of interdisciplinary approaches. All of these differences warrant the conclusion that librarianship and information science are two different fields in a strong interdisciplinary relation, rather than one and the same field, or one being a special case of the other."
Difficulties defining LIS
A multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or monodisciplinary field?
- The ”Pluridisciplinary” or ”multidisciplinarity” level
- The genuine cross-disciplinary level: ”interdisciplinarity”
- The discipline-forming level ”transdisciplinarity”
A fragmented adhocracy
Scattering of the literature
- "The study confirms earlier research that LIS literature is highly scattered and is not limited to standard LIS databases. What was not known or verified before, however, is that a significant amount of this literature is indexed in the interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary databases of Inside Conferences and INSPEC. Other interdisciplinary databases, such as America: History and Life, were also found to be very useful and complementary to traditional LIS databases, particularly in the areas of archives and library history."(Meho & Spurgin, 2005, p.1329).
The unique concern of library and information science
- "Two paradigms, the cognitive and the physical, have been distinguished in information retrieval research, but they share the assumption of the value of delivering relevant records (Ellis 1984, 19; Belkin and Vickery 1985, 114). For the purpose of discussion here, they can be considered a single heterogeneous paradigm, linked but not united by this common assumption. The value placed on query transformation is dissonant with common practice, where users may prefer to explore an area and may value fully informed exploration. Some dissenting research discussions have been more congruent with practice, advocating explorative capability - the ability to explore and make discriminations between representations of objects - as the fundamental design principle for information retrieval systems".
- Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (ARIST) (1966–2011)
- Information Processing and Management
- Information Research: An international electronic journal (IR) (1995-)
- Italian Journal of Library and Information Studies (JLIS.it)
- Journal of Documentation (JDoc) (1945-)
- Journal of Information Science (JIS) (1979-)
- Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (Formerly Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology) (JASIST) (1950-)
- Knowledge Organization (journal)
- The Library Quarterly (LQ) (1931-)
- Library Trends (1952-)
- Scientometrics (journal) (1978-)
- Indian Library Science Abstracts (ILSA)
- Annual meeting of the American Society for Information Science and Technology
- Conceptions of Library and Information Science
- i-Schools' "iConferences
- ISIC - the Information Behaviour Conference http://informationr.net/isic/index.html
- The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA): World Library and Information Congress,http://conference.ifla.org/
- The international conferences of the International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), http://www.isko.org/events.html
|Related fields and sub-fields|
- a. Knowledge organization
- b. Library studies
- c. Information architecture
- d. Information behavior
- e. Interactive information retrieval
- f. Information systems
- g. Scholarly communication
- h. Digital literacy (cf information literacy)
- i. Bibliometrics or scientometrics
- j. Interaction design and user experience”
- Information seeking and Information retrieval 100%
- Library management and promotion 96%
- Knowledge management 86%
- Knowledge organization 82%
- Information literacy and learning 76%
- Library and society in a historical perspective (Library history) 66%
- The Information society: Barriers to the free access to information 64%
- Cultural heritage and digitisation of the cultural heritage (Digital preservation)62%
- The library in the multi-cultural information society: International and intercultural communication 42%
- Mediation of culture in a special European context 26% "
- Archival science
- Authority control
- Documentation science
- Education for librarianship
- Glossary of library and information science
- Information history
- Information systems
- Knowledge management
- Library and information scientist
- Museum informatics
- Records Management
- Hjørland, B. (2000). Library and Information Science: Practice, theory, and philosophical basis. Information Processing and Management, 36(3), 501-531.
- Järvelin, K. & Vakkari, P. (1993). The Evolution of Library and Information Science 1965-1985: A Content Analysis of Journal Articles. Information Processing & Management, 29(1), 129-144.
- Kajberg, L. (1992). Library and Information Science Research in Denmark 1965-1989: A Content Analysis of R&D Publications. IN: Teknologi och kompetens. Proceedings. 8:de Nordiska konferencen för Information och Dokumentation 19-21/5 1992 i Helsingborg. Stockholm: Tekniska Litteratursällskapet, 233-237.
- McNicol, S. (2003). LIS: The Interdisciplinary Research Landscape. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 35(1), 23-30.
- McClure, C. R. & Hernon, P. (eds.). (1991). Library and Information Science Research: Perspectives and Strategies for Improvement. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex.
- Åström, Fredrik (2008). Formalizing a discipline: The institutionalization of library and information science research in the Nordic countries", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 64 Iss: 5, 721-737.
- Bates, M.J. and Maack, M.N. (eds.). (2010). Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences. Vol. 1-7. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA. Also available as an electronic source.
- Library and Information Sciences is name used in Dewey Decimal Classification for class 20 from 18th. edition (1971) to 22th edition (2003).
- Galvin, T. J. (1977). Pittsburgh. University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Library and Information Sciences. IN: Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science (Vol. 22). Ed. by A. Kent, H. Lancour & J.E.Daily. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc. (pp. 280–291)
- Documentation of the nameshift: http://www.mendeley.com/research/library-information-science-abstracts-first-two-years/
- Saracevic, Tefko (1992). Information science: origin, evolution and relations. In: Conceptions of library and information science. Historical, empirical and theoretical perspectives. Edited by Pertti Vakkari & Blaise Cronin. London: Taylor Graham (pp. 5-27).
- Miksa, Francis L. (1992). Library and information science: two paradigms. In: In: Conceptions of library and information science. Historical, empirical and theoretical perspectives. Edited by Pertti Vakkari & Blaise Cronin. London: Taylor Graham (pp. 229-252).
- Mucchielli, A., (2000), La nouvelle communication : épistémologie des sciences de l’informationcommunication. Paris, Armand Colin, 2000. Collection U. Sciences de la communication
- Rayward, W. B. (Ed.) (2004). Aware and responsible. Papers of the Nordic- International Colloquium on Social and Cultural Awareness and responsibility in Library, Information, and Documentation Studies (SCARLID). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.
- Warner, Julian (2010). Human information retrieval.Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press
- Tengström, E. (1993). Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapen - ett fler- eller tvär-vetenskapligt område? Svensk Biblioteksforskning,(1), 9-20.
- Chua, A. & Yang, C.C. (2008). The shift towards multi-disciplinarity in information science, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 59(13), 2156–2170.
- Whitley, R. (1984). The fragmented state of management studies: Reasons and consequences. Journal of management studies, 21(3), 331-348.
- Whitley, R. (2000). The intellectual and social organization of the sciences. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
- Åström, F. (2006). The social and intellectual development of library and information science. Doctoral theses at the Department of Sociology, Umeå University,. No 48 2006. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:145144/FULLTEXT01
- Meho, Lokman I. & Spurgin, Kristina M. (2005). Ranking the Research Productivity of Library and Information Science Faculty and Schools: An Evaluation of Data Sources and Research Methods. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 56(12), 1314–1331.
- Konrad, A. (2007). On inquiry: Human concept formation and construction of meaning through library and information science intermediation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved fromhttp://escholarship.org/uc/item/1s76b6hp
- Buckland, Michael K. (2004). Reflections on social and cultural awareness and responsibility in library, information and documentation - Commentary on the SCARLID colloquium. In: Rayward, W. B. (Ed.). Aware and responsible. Papers of the Nordic- International Colloquium on Social and Cultural Awareness and responsibility in Library, Information, and Documentation Studies (SCARLID). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. (pp. 169-175).
- Ellis, David (1984). Theory and explanation in information retrieval research. Journal of Information Science, 8, 25-38
- Belkin, N. J. & Vickery, A. (1985)- Interaction in information systems: A review of research from document retrieval to knowledge-based systems. London: British Library (Library and Information Research Report 35).
- Hjørland, Birger (2010). The foundation of the concept of relevance. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 61(2), 217-237.
- Hjørland, Birger (2011). Evidence based practice: An analysis based on the philosophy of science. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(7), 1301-1310.
- Advertisement for a full Professor in information science at the Royal School of Library and Information Science, spring 2011:http://www.job-i-staten.dk/SearchResults/position-as-full-professor-in-information-science-lja-3723916.aspx?jobId=LJA-3723916&list=SearchResultsJobsIds&index=6&querydesc=SearchJobQueryDescription&viewedfrom=1
- Vickery, Brian & Vickery, Alina (1987). Information science in theory and practice. London: Bowker-Saur.
- White, H. D., & McCain, K. W. (1998). Visualizing a discipline: An author co-citation analysis of information science, 1972-1995. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 49(4), 327-355.
- Åström, Fredrik (2002) Visualizing Library and Information Science concept spaces through keyword and citation based maps and clusters. In: Bruce, Fidel, Ingwersen & Vakkari (Eds.). Emerging frameworks and methods: Proceedings of the fourth international conference on conceptions of Library and Information Science (CoLIS4), pp 185-197. Greenwood Village: Libraries unlimited.
- Kajberg, Leif & Lørring, Leif (eds.). (2005). European Curriculum Reflections on Library and Information Science Education.Copenhagen: The Royal School of Library and Information Science. http://library.upt.ro/LIS_Bologna.pdf